Tuesday, 28 June 2016

Syed Shamsuddin bin Abdullah Al-Sumatrani

Synonyms:
Syed Shamsuddin Al-Sumatarani
Shamsuddin Al-Sumatarani (written as Al-Sumatarani, but pronounced as As-Sumatarani)
Shamsuddin As-Sumatarani
Kg Pali/Kg Masjid/Kg Ketek/Kg Kekek/Kg Ketik, Melaka

Syed Shamsuddin bin Abdullah
@ Shamsuddin Al-Sumatarani
Syahid 1630 AD in Malacca


Full name: Syed Shamsuddin bin Abdullah
Call name: Shamsuddin As-Sumatarani
Born: 1600s, possibly in Pasai, northern Sumatra (Sumatera Utara)
Deceased: Monday night, 12 Rejab 1039 H / 1630 AD ... he died while fighting the Portuguese in Malacca and defending Malacca (mati syahid dalam medan peperangan melawan Portugis di Melaka)

Tarikh wafatnya ada dicatatkan oleh Syeikh Nuruddin ar-Raniri, iaitu pada malam Isnin, 12 Rejab 1039 H/1630 M. - by Dek Pon, 18 April 2013

Buried: Makam Syed Shamsuddin Al-Sumatarani, Kg Ketek in Melaka
Education: He was a student of Sheikh Hamzah al-Fansuri and Sunan Bonang (a Walisongo).
Occupation: scholar, prolific writer, ulamak Sufi Aceh (a student of Sheikh Hamzah Al-Fansuri), sasterawan, pahlawan (warrior; a General in the Aceh Army ... akin to a Prime Minister)

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MANUSCRIPTS (BOOKS) AUTHORED BY SYED SHAMSUDDIN AL-SUMATARANI

  1. Jawahirul Haqaiq
  2. Risalatul Baiyin Mulahazatil Muwahhidin ‘alal Muhtadi fi Zikrillah
  3. Kitabul Khirqah
  4. Nurud Daqaiq
  5. Mir-atul Iman
  6. Mir-atul Mu’minin
  7. Syarah Mir-atil Qulub
  8. Mir-atul Haqiqah
  9. Mir-atul Muhqqiqin
  10. Risalah Jawami’il ‘Amal
  11. Anwarud Daqaiq fi Kasyfi Asrarir Raqaiq
  12. Da-iratul Wujud
  13. Risalah Kasyfi Asraril Wujud
  14. Bayanul Qulub
  15. Risalah Pada Menyatakan A‘yan Tsabitah
  16. Risalah Mitsalil Wujud
  17. Risalah Pada Menyatakan Kelebihan Insan Daripada Sekalian Alam Yang Lain.
  18. Kasyfu Sirrir Rububiyah fi Kamalil ‘Ubudiyah
  19. Risalah Masa-il ‘llmil Haqiqah
  20. Haqiqah as-Shufi
  21. Haqqul Yaqin fi ‘Aqidatil Muhaqqiqin fi Zikri As-raris Shufiyinal Muhaqqiqin
  22. Syarah Ruba’i Syeikh Hamzah al-Fansuri
  23. Taukidul ‘Uqud


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FROM TOURISM MALAYSIA
(edited)

MAKAM SHAMSUDDIN AL-SUMATARANI

Nama sebenar beliau Syed Shamsudin Ibni Al-Sumatarani. Beliau merupakan seorang ulamak, sasterawan dan pahlawan terbilang di negeri Aceh di zaman pemerintahan Sultan Iskandar Muda.

Setelah Melaka ditakluki oleh Portugis pada tahun 1511, Aceh sering menyerang Portugis di Melaka. Tujuan serangan dilakukan adalah untuk mengembalikan Melaka kepada keadaan asal dan bebas dari jajahan takluk orang Barat dan juga untuk menegekakkan syiar Islam.

Dalam salah satu serangan yang dilakukan oleh Angkatan Tentera Aceh terhadap Portugis di Melaka, Shamsudin Al-Sumatarani telah turut serta. Bersama-sama beliau ialah Panglima-panglima Aceh termasuk Panglima Pidi,

Angkatan tentera Aceh gagal untuk menewaskan Portugis.

Shamsudin Al-Sumatarani dikatakan tidak kembali bersama-sama angkatan perang Aceh.

Beliau dan Panglima Pidi dipercayai telah terkorban.

Jasad Panglima disemadikan di Puncak Gedung (Bukit China) dan dikenali sebagai keramat panjang manakala jasad Shamsudin Al-Sumatarani disemadikan di Kampung Ketik, Melaka.

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MAKAM SHAMSUDDIN AL-SUMATARANI
Kg Ketek, Melaka

His tomb is in Kg Ketek, Melaka. It lies a brick tomb. His grave is long. There is a Tourism Malaysia palque outside the tomb.


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External links:
https://baranom.wordpress.com/2013/12/13/mengenal-shamsuddin-as-sumatrany/
http://tgkboy.blogspot.my/2013/04/mengenal-syeikh-syamsuddin-as-sumatrani.html
http://sekilau1.blogspot.my/2012/01/kampung-ketek.html

Munshi Abdullah

Munshi Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir (1796-1850)
An Indian Muslim translator and chronicler who was born in Kg Pali, Malacca. 
Worked in British Malacca. Worked with Stamford Raffles in Singapore.

Full name: Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir
Call name: Munshi Abdullah, Abdullah Munshi
Born: 1796 Kg Pali, Melaka
Deceased: 1854 Jeddah .... while on his way to perform Hajj (aged 54 years)
Burial: Jeddah or Masjid Kg Keling?
Education: Quran, Arabic, Malay and English
Occupation: Translator for the British colonial Government in Malacca and Singapore

Parents
Father: Abdul Kadir
Mother: Unknown
Sibs: All siblings before him died. Only he survived.

Family
Wife: Unknown
Children: Unknown


Munshi Abdullah is Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir. He was born in 1796 in Kampung Pali, Malacca. (In another account, he was born in 1797.)

Kg Pali has been renamed Kg Masjid, and now Kg Ketek. Ketek is the Minang or Malay word for small (kecil) or short (katik or ketek). People here also call this village Kekek. Kekek is a type of fish found in the nearby river, Sg Melaka.

Munshi Abdullah served both in Malacca as well as in Singapore. He worked under Stamford Raffles in British Singapore.

Even though Munshi Abdullah was a learned man, he was regarded as a traitor as he had assisted the British officers to translate British documents into Malay. He had also assisted Christian missionaries to translate the Bible into Malay, knowing very well that the Malays were Muslims.

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MUNSHI ABDULLAH'S HOUSE

His house is not far from Masjid Kampung Kling - about 5 minutes walk from the masjid.

Masjid Kampung Kling is an ancient mosque in Malacca. People at the masjid can give the directions to Munshi Abdullah's house.

Munshi Abdullah's house in Kg Pali, Malacca

Kg Pali/Kg Masjid/Kg Ketek is a small village and contains 8 houses. It is a tourist destination in Malacca.

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FROM PERZIM
(edited)

Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir Munshi digelar sebagai Bapa Kesusasteraan Melayu Moden, berdasarkan beberapa karyanya yang terkenal, iaitu Shair Singapura Terbakar (1830), Kisah Pelayaran Abdullah (1838), Hikayat Abdullah (1849), Dewa-ul-kulub (1883), dan Kisah Pelayaran Abdullah ke Jeddah (1920). [This last book is post-humous as he died in 1850.]

Abdullah dilahirkan pada tahun 1796 di Kampung Pali (sekarang dikenali sebagai Kampung Ketek), Melaka daripada keluarga India Muslim keturunan Arab.

Sejak kecil lagi, "Munshi" memperlihatkan keistimewaannya sebagai pelajar yang bijak dan gigih mencari ilmu.

Beliau mempunyai minat yang mendalam mempelajari pelbagai bahasa selain Bahasa Melayu.

Berdasarkan kebolehannya maka beliau telah dilantik menjadi jurutulis dan penterjemah kepada Thomas Stamford Raflles dan pembesar Inggeris yang lain di Melaka, menyebabkan hubungannya begitu rapat dan mesra dengan British di Melaka dan di Singapura. Hal ini turut mempengaruhi corak dan falsafah pemikirannya.

Abdullah Munshi meninggal dunia di Jeddah pada tahu 1854 dalam perjalanan menunaikan fardhu Haji.

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MUNSHI ABDULLAH'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY - HIKAYAT ABDULLAH

There exists an ancient seaside Chinatown in Terengganu, which was visited by Admiral Cheng Ho, and was mentioned by Munshi Abdullah in his book.

Old version of Hikayat Abdullah printed in early 1960s
Two pages of his diary
A decorated page of Hikayat Abdullah
A decorated page of Hikayat Abdullah
Book cover of the modern version of Munshi Abdullah's book/diary/travelogue, as used in Malaysian schools for Malay literature class


- - - - -
FRANK SWETTENHAM

Frank Athelstone Swettenham (British Malaya), a British officer;
his profile resembles that of Munshi Abdullah

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BOOKS ON MUNSHI ABDULLAH

There are at least three books on British Malaya and Singapore that discuss Munsyi Abdullah.
  1. One book was written by Frank Swettenham and published in 1907. 
  2. Another book was published in 1948. The contents include accounts of Munsyi Abdullah meeting with Lord Minto. Another account states Munsyi Abdullah with Stamford Raffles and wife Olivia. 
  3. Kesah pÄ•layaran Abdullah (Voyages of Munshi Abdullah), 1907 was written by Sir Richard James Wilkinson (1867-5 December 1941). He was a colonial administrator, a Malay scholar and historian.

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TOK HAJI NOORDIN
- from Mahadhir Mohamad (cicit Hj Noordin)

Tok Haji Noordin was said to have visited a wealthy relative in the area where Munshi Abdullah had lived.

There is no clue as to who was the wealthy relative in Kg Pali. It could be Munshi Abdullah's family or some other family.

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External links:
http://www.emily2u.com/munshi-abdullah-house-kg-ketek-melaka/
http://sekilau1.blogspot.my/2012/01/kampung-ketek.html
http://asmaliana.com/blog/2009/05/12/kampung-ketek/
http://seniwarisanterengganu.blogspot.com/2010/05/kampung-china.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_James_Wilkinson
http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/infopedia/articles/SIP_503_2004-12-27.html
https://arjuna1182.wordpress.com/2008/07/09/abdullah-munsyi-penilaian-negatif-dan-positif/

Sunday, 26 June 2016

Masjid Banda Hilir 1820 (7)

Alamat:
Masjid Annur
Lot 96 Jalan Banda Hilir
75000 Melaka


JK Kariah Masjid Annur Banda Hilir, Melaka
1 Januari 2016-31 Disember 2017

Hj Mazlan bin Hj Abd Rahim - 010-402-0494
Ahli JK Masjid

En Aziz bin Bachik - 012-619-4198
Pemeriksa Kira-kira Masjid


I visited Masjid Banda Hilir on 4 June 2016, two days before Ramadan - 6 June 2016. The caretaker switched on the lights and I spoke to him.  I don't know him. I introduced myself to him. I told him our family lived beside the old Masjid Banda Hilir and the house was demolished, and the 2007 renovations were built over the demolished house site.  I also told him I visited to see rumah Pak Habib behind rumah Mak Sarah. He knew arwah Pak Habib.

I have never stepped foot inside this masjid before. This was my first visit inside the masjid. I took a lot of photos of this masjid. This masjid is special as it has filled my life since I was born and returned to my village. I grew up in the house adjacent to this masjid. I will always love this masjid as long as I live.

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Photos of Masjid Banda Hilir
(after renovations in 2007)
Photos taken by me
4 June 2016

I only took photos of the interior of the ancient masjid portion. I did not enter the new portion (after renovations in 2007) as the lights were already switched off after Asar prayers. I didn't get to see the old mimbar which was placed at the new portion. I will try and visit the masjid again and get photos of the ancient mimbar.