Monday, 13 March 2017

Kuala Lumpur Central Market 1888

Kuala Lumpur Central Market began in 1888 as a few long building by the river in Kuala Lumpur. The market was expanded in 1889, 1920 and 1928. A brick building was built in 1928 and ready in 1937. Mohd Amin (Mat Amin Pasar) passed away in 1936, before the brick Kuala Lumpur Central Market was ready. He probably worked in the renovated old market buildings, before the brick one was ready.

From Pak Saleh (8 June 2011):
Mohd Amin @ Mat Amin Pasar worked at Pasar Kuala Lumpur, now known as Pasar Chow Kit. He would only eat fish of a certain size - eg ikan parang not less than 8 inches wide.

What did the market look like during Mohd Amin's time?

Pasar Chow Kit today is a big brick building and overflows outside into makeshift tents and fruit stalls. The stalls inside sell beef, mutton and vegetables. The fruits stalls are managed by Indonesian migrants.

When did Mohd Amin work? For whom did he work? What post did he hold?
How much did he earn? He had 4 wives and 21-25 kids, how were they supported?

The post of Inspector of Markets and Abbatoirs, Sanitary Board, Kuala Lumpur, was held by a whiteman, a colonial officer. There is no record of a Malay man holding this job.

- Did Mat Amin work as Inspector of Markets and Abbatoirs, Sanitary Board, Kuala Lumpur?
- When Mohd Amin was in office is unknown
- Mr. C. A. Newman served in 1903
- Salary for KL Municipal Health Dept was $1,992, ie lower than for Singapore and Penang
- KL market was cheaper to inspect, @ $768, compared to Singapore
- When was the Markets and Abbatoirs section set up in KL?

Salaries allowed for the Municipal Health Departments in Singapore, Penang, and Kuala Lumpur:
- Singapore          $26,682
- Penang              $8,532
- Kuala Lumpur  $1,992
Inspection of markets cost:
- Singapore         $3,852
- Penang ?
- Kuala Lumpur  $768
TST 1July1901 p3


Mr. C. A. Newman
 - to be inspector of markets and abbatoirs,
   Sanitary Board, Kuala Lumpur
   on 6 months probation
- Mr R. W. Bowring Darke
  district surveyor
  granted 3 months vacation leave + 12 mo on half pay
  from 4 Feb 1903
- Mr A. M. Pountney
  protector of Chinese Selangor and Negri Sembilan
  returned from leave, resumed 6 Feb 1903
TST 13Feb1903 p5


Mr. C. A. Newman,
Inspector of Markets and Abattoirs, Sanitary Board, Kuala Lumpur,
on six months' probation
TST 14Feb1903 p4


An Inspector of Markets has been appointed in Kuala Lumpur
on a salary of £150 rising to £210 by triennial increments of £30.
TST 18Oct1904 p4

State of the Kuala Lumpur Bazaar and Markets 1900-1936

(1) During WW1

Kuala Lumpur Bazaar
- mainly German and Austrian goods
- British goods were just about to break into the dominant German-Austrian market
TST 31March1915 p10

A Hylam Fish Ring
- long-time monopoly of fish brought in from the seaports by a Chinese group
- another group at the market helped to stabilize the price of fish
TSFPMA 29July1922 p3

Food Control
- food profiteering
- raised price of milk
- cost of local products also went up
- native seller: Sekarang mahal - fasal prang tuan!
- fish and eggs became expensive - fasal prang
- sekarang ada banyak Ekan German lowan sama lain Ekan
- itu Eyam banyak laku sekarang, dan dengan itu semua pong besar boom! boom!
  dia takut bikin telur!
- need a special committee
- need one committee member, a hotel keeper or caterer
  to go to market daily, or nearly daily, and report to this committee
- prices should be fixed and "rings" broken up and any trouble arising
- foodstuff vary in prices by 50% in the country
TST 8Oct1918 p8

(2) After WW1

Fresh eggs for the market, by-pass middlemen
TST 3Oct1932 p5

Terrible state of Kuala Lumpur markets
TST 3Oct1934 p10

KL markets
- KL Sanitary Board
  Chairman: Mr. J. V. Cowgill
  1. Messrs. H. B. Talalla
  2. J. R. Vethavanam
  3. John Hands
  4. D. Sear
  5. L. Y. Swee
  6. H. S. Lee
  7. Dr. H. M. Soo
  8. Che Ahmad (unofficial, Malay rep) ............. also written as Che Ahmat in another 1935 account
  9. Che Abdul Rahman (unofficial, Malay rep)
 10. Dr. R. D. Gross (Health Officer)
 11. Mr. L. A. Thomas (Chief Police Officer)
 12. Mr. E. M. Sykes (Protector of Chinese)
 13. Che Samah (District Officer)
 14. Mr. T. G. Husband (Town Engineer)
 15. Mr. R. N. Thambythurai (secretary)
- present market was generally condemned in its present condition
- whether to construct a big central market, or a series of
  markets serving different districts
TST 15Feb1935 p12

Proposal for new markets
TST 16Feb1935 p13

Central Market for Kuala Lumpur
Discussion on question of site
- the Markets Committee favoured the proposal
  to transfer the market to the site of the old
  Victoria Institution in High Street
- Chairman: Mr. J. V. Cowgill
- the Board is of opinion that the present Central Market is
  unsatisfactory in many ways, and recommends that it be replaced
- this Board requests Government to provide the necessary funds
  in next year's estimates
- the present Central Market is unsatisfactory for the needs of the town,
  and it requires immediate replacement
- plea for the Malays
- Che Ahmat said: "As a Malay member of this Board, and a Muslim, I would
  like to be assured that this market will not have a pork-stall
  under the same roof. If it does, I must ask that a note be made to the
  resolution that the pork-stall should be housed in a separate building.
  Pork as a food is forbidden to the Muslim. In order that the religious
  feelings of the Islamic people of this country may not be wounded,
  I humby suggest to this meeting that the matter be given serious
  consideration and an entirely separate building for a pork-market
  be designed and estimated for.
  Such an action would be in consonance with the policy of the
  Government wherein the Islamic religion should not be interfered with,
  a policy which has existed since British protection of this country.
  It does not concern me where the site of the pork-market should be,
  but such building should be a separate one and some distance away
  from the general market."
TSFPMA 8March1935 p9
TST 8March1935 p12

Bicycles left at KL market at owners' risk. Bicycle shed will be removed and owners are free to park anywhere without charge.
- Mr. John Hands, M.C.H., Kuala Lumpur Sanitary Board
- Markets and Street Stalls Committee
- Major G.M. Kidd, chairman.
TST 9Jan1936 p13

Still Dissension About KL's Market
TST 2April1936 p5

KL markets controversy
TSFPMA 3April1936 p3

Picture-postcards (ppc) belonged to Bapak and his father, Walid.

It is said that Mat Amin Pasar served at the marketplace in Chow Kit. Chow Kit then and today have different buildings and features. He could have covered a wide area that was early Chow Kit, including the Market Square in KL, the narrow alleys in between colonial buildings and makeshift stalls.

Bapak and his father (Walid, Tok Walid) shared many photographs and picture-postcards (ppc's). Among them were photos and ppc's of markets in Kuala Lumpur. Most of Tok Walid's photos are dated to 1937.

These images below are from the combined collection of picture-postcards (ppc) and photos belonging to Tok Walid (Mohd Yusope bin Haji Mohd Sharif) and Bapak (Haji Abdul Rashid bin Mohd Yusope).

Market Square, Kuala Lumpur (ppc) before cars came to KL, before 1930s. There are only rickshaws parked under the tall trees. There are no street lamps in view.
Market Square, Kuala Lumpur (ppc) when cars came to KL, after 1930s. The tall trees have been removed and only a narrow strip of plants remain. The initially rickshaw parking space has become a parking space for cars. What car models are these? What year were they manufactured?
Market at Kuala Selangor (ppc), where fresh fish from the sea were landed by fishermen and were brought to Pasar KL
Photograph of sellers selling fresh produce in narrow alleys between huge colonial buildings, 1937. Which part of Chow Kit was photographed? There is a left front part of a vehicle at the left corner of this photograph. What vehicle is that?
Photograph of sellers selling fresh produce in makeshift stalls in Kuala Lumpur, 1937
The old atap roof KL Market buildings were constructed in 1888.

The brick Central Market in Kuala Lumpur was built in 1928 and ready in 1937.
It is a solid boxy building and looks like a building in Manhattan or New York - ie, out of place.
It is extant (still satnds), but is painted light blue - not a nice colour. It was a wet marker before, but became a dry market selling handicrafts and paintings when I visited it last. It was dark inside and felt more like being inside Fremantle Markets in Fremantle, Western Australia.

These photos of the early KL Market and KL Central Market were obtained from Facebook (FB).

Central Market 1888 - 1927

Market by the river

Medan Pasar (Old Market Square)

External links to Central Market:,_Kuala_Lumpur

A blogger's reflection of Central Market or Medan Pasar (edited 6 July 2016):
I remember my father will always drive pass Central Market, which at the time was a wet and dirty market, to park his Peugeot 305 in nearby Bank Pertanian Malaysia as it was closest to my mom's and his office in Medan Pasar and Leboh Ampang before continuing our journey to the colonial-looking Sin Seng Nam coffee shop for some serious breakfast- Chee Cheong Fun, soup noodles and steamed bread with kaya and butter.

Pasar Chow Kit


Map of Pasar Chow Kit

From Flickr
Entry by Yap Kok Sun. The 1957 Album.
Taken at the Chow Kit Road Market in January 1957.
Chow Kit market was re-build in 1955.

I visited the old Chow Kit Market site in Kg Baru. This market was partially demolished when photographed on 21 October 2016. So this Chow Kit Market brick building lasted from 1955 to 2016 (61 years).

Chow Kit Market brick building (curved) being demolished. 21 October 2016

Tuesday, 10 January 2017

Prof Syed Abdullah Al Mohdhar

Prof Syed Abdullah Al Mohdhar had served at O&G Department, Hospital USM based in Kubang Kerian. My husband and I visited him at his Jalan Telipot home for kenduri long ago. He had remarried a Caucasian lady while in the UK. I met his Malay relative at EON Kota Bharu when Proton Waja first came on the market. Prof Syed Abdullah has passed away 2 years ago (sometime in 2014).

Friday, 30 December 2016

Alyamani Clan in Jelutong


Arwah Prof Syed Mohsin said there are no Syeds in Malacca.

I would think that maybe after Syed Sheikh Alhady left Kg Hulu, no more Syeds remained in Malacca.

Abdul Rashid Makawi came from Makkah?
Mohd Hassan Al-Khaiyath came from Makkah (from Tok Kalthom, 5 June 2013).

Fatma Al-Yamani is Fatma bt Abdul Aziz Al-Yamani. 
Fatma Al-Yamani married to Syed Omar Syed Mohamad.

Shaikh Omar married Zubaidah (sepupu Tok)???

(٠‎ - ١‎ - ٢‎ - ٣‎ - ٤‎ - ٥‎ - ٦‎ - ٧‎ - ٨‎ - ٩‎) 

I asked Tok Kalthom for Ami Aziz Alyamani's siblings. I also asked her about Fatma Alyamani. She said Fatma was higher up than Ami Aziz Alyamani in the family tree.

From Umi Kalthom bt Mohd Yunus @ Wan Teh (5 June 2013):

Ami Aziz Alyamani's siblings:
1. Siti Zubaidah (sulung/eldest)
2. Sk. Omar
3. Abdul Aziz Al-Yamani (this is Ami Aziz Alyamani)
4. Siti Mariam
5. Ismail
6. Siti Kechik
7. Siti Hajar

(٠‎ - ١‎ - ٢‎ - ٣‎ - ٤‎ - ٥‎ - ٦‎ - ٧‎ - ٨‎ - ٩‎) 

This piece of information below comes from Siti Salamah bt Sk. Mohammed, Sharifah Alwiah Syed Sahil Jamalullail and Sharifah Mariam bt Syed Alwi Aidid.

Abdul Rashid Makawi married to Siti Seha. Siti Seha is called "Su Seha". They have 2 children:
1. Mohd Yunus (@ Wan Teh) bin Abdul Rashid Makawi
2. Siti Rahmah bt Abdul Rashid Makawi

Siti Seha's daughter is Siti Rahmah bt Abdul Rashid Makawi (from Tok Kalthom, 5 June 2013).

Mohd Yunus (Wan Teh) bin Abdul Rashid Makawi had 2 children:
1. Siti Kalsom bt Mohd Yunus @ Wan Teh ..... this is Tok Kalthom of Kg Melayu Batu Uban, Penang.
2. Mohd Salleh bin Mohd Yunus @ Wan Teh

Siti Rahmah bt Abdul Rashid Makawi married to Abdul Aziz Al-Yamani (he was called Ami Aziz Alyamani) who owned a foreign car business at Jalan Anson - Jalan Datuk Keramat intersection in Penang. They lived in Jelutong. They had 4 children:
1. Fatmah (Tok Kalthom mentioned she married Syed Omar)
2. Zakaria (new name added by Tok Kalthom on 5 June 2013. She also ordered the names)
3. Abdul Latiff
4. Abdul Rashid

1 of 4: Fatma bt Abdul Aziz Al-Yamani had 6 children:
1. Syed Mohd bin Syed Omar ... married Sharifah Zahrah bt Syed Sahil Jamalullail
2. Sharifah Mahani
3. Syed Ali
4. Syed Mansor
5. Syed Yussuf
6. Syed Abdullah

2 of 4: Zakaria bin Abdul Aziz Al-Yamani
(I forgot to ask Tok Kalthom about Zakaria.)

3 of 4: Abdul Latiff bin Abdul Aziz Al-Yamani lives in Kulim, Kedah and has 4 children:
(amended on 18 August 2015 based on Salwa Al-Yamani's email)
1. Najib bin Abdul Latiff
2. Nawal bt Abdul Latiff
3. Najwa bt Abdul Latiff
4. Salwa bt Abdul Latiff Al-Yamani

4 of 4: Abdul Rashid bin Abdul Aziz Al-Yamani
According to Tok Kalthom (5 June 2013), Abdul Rashid did not marry and lives in Jelutong.

(٠‎ - ١‎ - ٢‎ - ٣‎ - ٤‎ - ٥‎ - ٦‎ - ٧‎ - ٨‎ - ٩‎) 

Thursday, 29 December 2016

Siti Kalthom bt Mohd Yunus (Tok Kalthom)

1. Abang Syed Muhammad
He lives in Arau, Perlis. He would have more information.

2. Tok Kalthom
She lives in Batu Uban. She would have a lot of information. She is 80 years old.
She is the cousin of Prof Syed Mohsin's mother.
She is related to Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin Sheikh Muhammad (Ami Aziz).

I interviewed Tok Kalthom at her home in Kg Melayu Batu Uban, Penang on 5 June 2013:

Tok Kalthom whom I interviewed on 5 June 2013 at her home in Kg Melayu Batu Uban, Penang.

Tok Kalthom is Umi Kalthom bt Mohd Yunus @ Wan Teh. She is popularly known as Umi Kalthom Wan Teh and her father's real name is hardly used or remembered.
Tok Kalthom was born on 24 April 1933.
Her husband was born in 1930 (3 years older than her).
Tok Kalthom is married to Sk Mohamed bin Sk Ali bin Mohd Hassan Al-Khaiyath.
Tok Kalthom has 2 children.
Her son is Sk Abdul Aziz bin Sk Mohamed.
Her daughter is Siti Salamah bt Sk Mohamed.

What is Al-Khaiyath?
It is a family name.

From Tok Kalthom (5 June 2013):
Mohd Hassan Al-Khaiyath came from Makkah.

This is the Al-Khaiyath name that arwah Tuan Syed mentioned. I'm not familiar with the name.

Mohd Hussain Khaiyath has ___ son(s):
Who are the sons of Mohd Hussain Khaiyath or Mohd Hassan Al-Khaiyath?
How many sons did he have?
Who are they?
What are their names?
1. Shaikh Ali bin Mohd Hassan Al-Khaiyath

Mohd Hussain Khaiyath has 2 daughters:
1. Siti Noor bt Mohd Hussain Khaiyath
2. Siti Rogayah bt Mohd Hussain Khaiyath

Who are the sons of Shaikh Ali?
Shaikh Mohamed bin Shaikh Ali bin Mohd Hassan Al-Khaiyath
Sk Mohamed, Siti Noor and Siti Rogayah are siblings.?????
Sk Mohamed married Tok Kalthom

Siti Noor bt Mohd Hussain Khaiyath has 2 children:
1. Sharifah Mariam bt Syed Alwi Aidid (Prof Syed's mother, has 8 children, lives in Jitra, Kedah)
2. Syed Muhammad bin Syed Alwi Aidid (had lived in Arau, Perlis)

Siti Rogayah bt Mohd Hussain Khaiyath married Mohd Yunus @ Wan Teh and has 2 children:
1. Siti Kalsom bt Mohd Yunus @ Wan Teh (this is Tok Kalthom of Kg Melayu Batu Uban, Penang)
2. Mohd Salleh bin Mohd Yunus @ Wan Teh

Siti (Miss) is the title of a young unmarried girl. When she marries, Siti is changed to Umi (mother).

Siti Kalsom is Umi Kalthom bt Mohd Yunus @ Wan Teh and has 2 children:
1. Sk. Abdul Aziz bin Sk Mohamed (born 1952) .... this is Ami Aziz Al-Khaiyath
2. Siti Salamah bt Sk Mohamed

Sk Abd Aziz bin Sk Mohamed. Photographed at the 6th Jenaton Family Reunion held on  2 June 2013 at Vistana Hotel, Penang.
From left: Muhammad Ibrahim Adzim, Tok Kalthom, Sk Abd Aziz and Affandi Hussien. Photographed at Tok Kalthom's home in Kg Melayu Batu Uban, Penang. 5 June 2013
Siti Salamah and myself. Photographed at Tok Kalthom's home in Kg Melayu Batu Uban, Penang. 5 June 2013

Mohd Salleh bin Mohd Yunus @ Wan Teh has 3 children:
1. Sharul Nizam bin Mohd Salleh
2. Sabarina bt Mohd Salleh
3. Siti Wahidah bt Mohd Salleh

Sk. Abdul Aziz bin Sk Mohamed married Azizah bt Abdullah, but she had passed away long ago (according to Siti Salamah when I asked her at Sumaiyah's wedding on 29 June 2013).

Siti Salamah bt Sk. Mohammed is married to Johan Md Nor. Her mother is Siti Kalsom @ Umi Kalthom bt Mohd Yunus @ Wan Teh or Tok Kalthom of Kg Batu Uban. Her aunt is Sharifah Mariam bt Syed Alwi Aidid.

Siti Kalsom bt Mohd Yunus @ Wan Teh, is Siti Salamah's mother. She is the cousin of Sharifah Mariam bt Syed Alwi Aidid (Prof Syed's mother). Her mother is Siti Rogayah bt Mohd Hussain Khaiyath. Her mother and Sharifah Mariam's mother are sisters.

Sk Abdul Aziz bin Sk Mohamed's daughter is Sumaiyah.

Sumaiyah bt Sk Abd Aziz married to Mohamad Azim bin Ismail. The wedding reception was held on Saturday, 29 June 2013 (20 Syaaban 1434 Hijrah) at Anjung Budi, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang.