Thursday, 11 April 2013

Datuk Shahbudin Mohd Amin (asal Cirebon, Java)

FOUNDERS OF MASJIDS

We have 3 big names, and two names are connected to masjid:

  1. Nakhoda Nan Intan (origin Pagaruyung, West Sumatra) - Masjid Tengkera, Melaka 1728, and Masjid Batu Uban, Penang 1734
  2. Tuan Sheik Mohamad Sahabudin (Tengkera) - ?. He is Inche Nyonia's father.
  3. Datuk Shahbudin bin Mohd Amin (origin Cirebon, Java, Indonesia) - Masjid Banda Hilir, 1820

Masjid Kampung Hulu 
  • Masjid Kg Hulu was founded in 1720 by  Shamsudin bin Arom (Tengkera), a China Chinese convert who became imam of Masjid Tengkera.
  • He lived some 100 years before Masjid Banda Hilir was built in 1820.
  • His grave is unknown.

Inche Nyonia binte Tuan Sheik Mohamad Sahabudin lived some 100 years after the founding of Masjid Kg Hulu. She came from Tengkera (that was what Bapak said). Inche Nyonia is Tok Moyang Hj Mohd Sharif's mother. She cannot be descended from the founder of Masjid Kg Hulu.

Tok Moyang Hj Mohd Sharif is Haji Mohd Sharif bin ISMAIL ALYAMANI. Tok Moyang Hj Mohd Sharif lived in Banda Hilir. His house was built in 1897, after he returned from the Hajj with Tok Moyang Hj Nordin (his brother) and Hj Khalil bin Husin (his relative and friend) - Malacca's first Mufti.

Masjid Tengkera

  • Masjid Tengkera was founded in 1728 by Tuan Haji Muhammad Saleh bin Tuanku Nam Betis Sabatang @ Nakhoda Nan Intan, a Sumatran Minangkabau prince from Istana Pagaruyung in West Sumatra. 
  • He had family in Tengkera and before he moved to Batu Uban, Penang. 
  • He set up Masjid Batu Uban in 1734. 
  • He had family in Kampung Melayu-Arab Batu Uban, Penang. 
  • Makam Nakhoda nan Intan is at Masjid Batu Uban, Penang.

Masjid Banda Hilir

  • Who founded Masjid Banda Hilir in Malacca? Depends on what year we are looking at. 
  • Maybe the old surau/madrasah/mosque was small or rundown after so many years after and they needed a bigger mosque/madrasah/surau.
  • Datuk Shahbudin bin Hj Mohd Amin assisted with re-building the mosque in 1820. 
  • Founding, renovating, and re-building a bigger mosque are features of activities of many masjid in Malayan history.
  • Masjid Banda Hilir started as a madrassah and was still a madrassah till Nenek Ani passed away. When did Nenek Ani pass away? She was still alive when I lived at Banda Hilir in 1958-1963.
  • Datuk Shahbudin came to build Masjid Banda Hilir in 1820 (92 years difference after Nakhoda Nan Intan at Tengkera).
  • Datuk Shahbudin could possibly be a Javanese descendent of Sunan Gunung Jati.
  • Masjid Banda Hilir was founded in 1820 by Datuk Shahbudin bin Mohd Amin (asal Cirebon, Java, Indonesia). 
  • According to Abang Moin (anak Pak Ji Usop & Mak Lah Semabok), Fatimah bt Shahbudin - the daughter of Datuk Shahbudin, married to Ismail Alyamani. 
  • In Walid's birth certificate, another Fatimah bt Mohamad married to Hj Mohd Sharif bin Ismail Alyamani.


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CLUES

The clues are that the father and his daughter are from Tengkera.

The name 'Inche Nyonia binte Tuan Sheik Mohamad Sahabudin' appears in Tok Moyang Hj Mohd Sharif's Wasiat of 1912. Inche Nyonia is Tok Moyang Hj Mohd Sharif's mother.

Tok Moyang Hj Mohd Sharif's mother, Inche Nyonia binte Tuan Sheik Mohamad Sahabudin, came from Tengkera. That was what Bapak told me.

  • Bapak also said Makam Shahabudin Al-Yamani in Tengkera is that of an Indian man, not a Chinese man.
  • (Bapak kata) There is a Makam Shahbuddin Al-Yamani in Tengkera, Melaka (orang India Tengkera). He is an Indian and has relatives in Singapore.

Did Tuan Sheik Mohamad Sahabudin have his own mosque in Malacca? Did he become imam of any masjid?

It should be interesting to compare 1820 vs. 1819, ie when Sir Stamford Raffles obtained Singapore from the last Sultan of Singapura-Riau-Johor, Sultan Hussain Muhamad Shah on 6 February 1819.

Sultan Hussain then left Singapore for Malacca. He passed away in Malacca on 5 September 1835 and is interred in Makam Sultan Hussain Muhamad Shah at Masjid Tengkera.

It should also be interesting to compare when the other sultan in exile, Sultan Ali, died at Umbai in Malacca. Haji Zul Tiger has photos of Makam Sultan Ali in Umbai.

It is interesting to also note that we have a large community of relatives in Umbai, Malacca. Umbai is close to the sea and makes sailing and landing boats/ships relatively easy. So travel between Umbai and Singapore was easy in the olden days.


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TWO DIFFERENT MAKAMS

Makam 1:
Datuk Shahbudin bin Hj Mohd Amin (asal Cirebon) passed away and is interred at Tanah Perkuburan Islam, Jalan Panjang (also called Lorong Panjang) in Malacca. The cemetery is some distance from Masjid An-Nur Bandar Hilir (old name is Masjid Banda Hilir). His grave and grave post are painted yellow. The grave post has a blue metal plate that reads:

Makam Datuk Shahbudin bin Hj Mohd Amin
Pengasas Masjid Annur Bandar Hilir Melaka

Makam Datuk Shahbudin at Tanah Perkuburan Islam, Jalan Panjang, Malacca.
Map to Kubur Jalan Panjang: https://goo.gl/maps/sqKGPFUWkrp


Makam 2:
From Bapak:
There is a Makam Shahbuddin Al-Yamani in Tranquera, Malacca (orang India Tranquera). He is an Indian and has relatives in Singapore.


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UNANSWERED QUESTIONS

My questions are:
  1. Who was Shahbuddin Al-Yamani in Tranquera, Malacca?
  2. Is Shahbuddin Al-Yamani the same person as Tuan Sheik Mohamad Sahabudin (Tengkera)?
  3. Where is Tuan Sheik Mohamad Sahabudin (Tengkera) buried?
  4. Is Tuan Sheik Mohamad Sahabudin (Tengkera) buried at Makam Shahbuddin Al-Yamani in Tranquera, Malacca?
  5. Is Tuan Sheik Mohamad Sahabudin (Tengkera) the same individual as Datuk Shahbudin bin Mohd Amin (Cirebon)? I think so, no. Mereka dua individu berlainan. The names and Roman spellings are different even though the Jawi spellings may be the same.
  6. Is Shahbuddin Al-Yamani the same person as Tuan Sheik Mohamad Sahabudin (Tengkera)? I don't know.

Unknown and I need evidence:
  1. Tuan Sheik Mohamad Sahabudin bin ____? (Tengkera) - there is no photo & location of his grave is unknown
  2. Makam Shahbuddin Al-Yamani (Tengkera) - there is no photo
  3. Datuk Shahbudin bin Mohd Amin (asal Cirebon, Java) - makam is as shown above

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