Thursday, 6 June 2013

Haji Muhammad Salleh (3)

Haji Muhammad Salleh @ Nakhoda Nan Intan bin Nan Tunku Patis Sebatang

Full name: Haji Muhammad Salleh bin Nan Tunku Patis Sebatang
Call name: Tuan Haji Muhammad Salleh @ Nakhoda Nan Intan
His father: "Nan Tunku Betis Sabatang" was an inherited title and means revered or 'yang dimuliakan' in Bahasa Minangkabau, according to Nasir - a descendant of Nakhoda Nan Intan, who spoke at the 7th Dato Jenaton Family Reunion at INTEKMA Shah Alam on 27 November 2016.
His mother: __
Sibs: __

Residence: Istana Besar Pagar Ruyung (Istano Basa Pagaruyung)
Village: Kampong Buadi (Kampong Bodi)
District: Paya Kumboh (Payakumbuh)
Province: West Sumatra
Country: Indonesia
Time period: 1600-1700 AD, before the original and second Pagaruyung palace burnt down for good.


He was descended from Dato' Pepatih nan Sebatang who lived in the village named Kampong Bodi, in the district of Payakumbuh in the highlands of West Sumatra.

On record and from family tree charts, he married 3 wives:
1. Suripadi from Payakumbuh ......... a lady in Payakumbuh
2. Che Aminah Deli ......................... a lady in Deli
3. Che Aishah (Che Tunggal) .......... a lady in Penang (island)

In reality, he married more than 3 wives. However, only 3 wives are known, minus the wife he married in Tengkera, Malacca, before coming to Penang. His descendants in Tengkera are alive today. One of his grandsons, Haji Abdul Latiff Tambi @ Ulama' Nusantara, married his last wife (Bi bt Abdullah) in Penang. Whether he had married a lady in Singapore before coming to Malacca, is yes, since we have his descendants today. Whether any of his wives died before he married another wife, is unknown. Whether he divorced any previous wife before remarriage is unknown.

He had lived in Singapore. Singapore sage Habib Noh Alhabshi lived many years after Nakhoda Nan Intan had passed away at Batu Uban, Penang. They may not have met, or another man by a similar name could have met and became friends with Alhabshi. Alhabshi or Habshah implies the place of origin as Ethiopia.

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He migrated from Payakumbuh in the interior to Batu Bara on the east coast of Sumatra. He married in Deli. He then sailed across the Straits of Malacca and arrived in Singapore. He settled in Singapore. He then moved to Malacca. He married in Tengkera, Malacca. He then sailed past Perak, and finally reached Penang. He settled in Batu Uban, where a Malay village started - Kampung Batu Uban.

He was an alim (singular of ulama') and was devoted to the masjid. He built Masjid Batu Uban in Penang in 1734.

Many clergymen from India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Makkah, and Baghdad came to his masjid and village in Penang. Intermarriages took place with his descendants and the other migrant families.

He arrived in Penang well before Captain Francis Light arrived in Penang in 1789. Captain Francis Light arrived at the northern tip near North Bay, at Tanjung Penaga - a cape named after a fragrant flowering tree that grew in abundance at the cape. It is still known as Tanjung or Tanjung Penaga today. Tanjung refers to George Town, the city centre.

He served as imam Masjid Batu Uban till he died. He is interred under a gigantic banyan tree. The gigantic tree with roots trailing all over and covered his grave, and damaged its walls and columns. His grave is located in the middle of the crumbled makam. Another more recent grave lies to the left of his grave.

He built Masjid Batu Uban, the oldest masjid in Penang and second oldest after Masjid Kampung Laut in Kelantan. Masjid Kampung Laut was shifted from Tumpat to Nilam Puri to avoid land erosion and losing the masjid altogether. Masjid Batu Uban is at its original site, by the sea previously, but now after land reclamation, it is quite far from the sea. Two highways separate the renovated Masjid Jamek Batu Uban from the seashore.

Before land reclamation, the sea was near the masjid. Every time the tide was high, it came up to the rear well which had to be covered. The well only has 2 keret, and is 2-keret deep. Each keret is a concrete ring measuring approximately 2 feet tall. So the well is about 4 feet deep and is full of water. Even though the well is by the sea, it contains freshwater and does not smell of chlorine or seawater. The water from the well is softwater and is very light to the touch. An electric pump helps to pump water from the ancient well to the small ablution pool in front (by the road side).

An ancient well belonging to Masjid Jamek Batu Uban, Penang. The wellwater is used for ablution.

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